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A Chonicle of Mathematical People
Robert A. Nowlan provides short biographical sketches of mathematicians from many diverse fields.
www.robertnowlan.com/
Abel - Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829)
Norwegian mathematician. Worked on elliptic functions and integrals , algebraic solution of equations and solubility by radicals.
www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/Mathematicians/Abel.html
Al-Sabi Thabit ibn Qurra al-Harrani
Gives information on background and contributions to non-euclidean geometry , spherical trigonometry , number theory and the field of statics. Was an important translator of Greek materials , including Euclid's Elements , during the Middle Ages.
www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Thabit.html
Andrei Nikolaevich Kolmogorov (1903-1987)
The most prominent twentieth-century mathematician.
kolmogorov.com/Kolmogorov.html
Bernoulli, Daniel (1700-1782)
Most important work considered the basic properties of fluid flow , pressure , density and velocity , and gave their fundamental relationship now known as Bernoulli's principle.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Bernoulli_Daniel.html
Bessel - Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (1784-1846)
Catalogued stars , predicted a planet beyond Uranus as well as the existence of dark stars , investigated Johann Kepler's problem of heliocentricity , and systematized the mathematical functions involved , which now bear his name.
www.astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/persons/pers_bessel.html
Biographies of Women Mathematicians
On-going project by students in mathematics classes at Agnes Scott College , in Atlanta , Georgia.
www.agnesscott.edu/lriddle/women/women.htm
Cauchy - Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789-1857)
(Catholic Encyclopedia) Theory of polyhedra , symmetrical functions , proof of a theorem of Fermat which had baffled mathematicians like Gauss and Euler.
www.newadvent.org/cathen/03457a.htm
Cauchy, Augustin Louis (1789-1857)
Cauchy contributed to almost every branch of mathematics. He is probably best known for his important contributions to real and complex analysis.
www-groups.dcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Cauchy.html
Chebyshev - Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (1821-1894)
Work on prime numbers included the determination of the number of primes not exceeding a given number , wrote an important book on the theory of congruences , proved that there was always at least one prime between n and 2n for n > 3.
www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Chebyshev.html
Cramer - Gabriel Cramer (1704-1752)
Best known for his work on determinants , made contributions to the study of algebraic curves.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Cramer.html
d'Alembert - Jean Le Rond d'Alembert (1717-1783)
Helped to resolve the controversy in mathematical physics over the conservation of kinetic energy by improving Newton's definition of force.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/D'Alembert.html
Diophantus of Alexandria (c. 200-284 )
Best known for his Arithmetica , a work on the theory of numbers , a collection of 130 problems giving numerical solutions of determinate equations.
www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Diophantus.html
Dirichlet - Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (1805-1859)
Proved that in any arithmetic progression with first term coprime to the difference there are infinitely many primes , units in algebraic number theory , ideals , proposed the modern definition of a function.
turnbull.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Dirichlet.html
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
Biography of the mathematician , geographer and astronomer born 276 BC in Cyrene , North Africa. From The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive.
www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Eratosthenes.html

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